An Introduction to LASIK



Earlier eye surgery was a complex treatment involving intrusive surgery and long recuperation periods. Its usage in a large variety of areas included eye surgery.

LASIK surgery was itself developed in 1990 by Dr. Ioannis Pallikaris of Greece and also Dr. Lucio Buratto of Italy, the idea of LASIK itself was formulated in 1970. A microkeratome is a tool utilized to alter the form of the cornea, a central component of the eye, by reducing thin flaps of it. Keratomileusis was a treatment to deal with the refraction of the cornea.

LASIK is the acronym for an operation of the cornea - Laser-assisted Sitting Keratomileusis. This treatment was jointly created by the two doctors named above by the combination of two techniques - keratomileusis, which I have defined previously, and also keratectomy. LASIK eye surgery is really extensively used nowadays because of two important factors:

oImproved precision compared to other earlier corrective procedures involving the eye or cornea.

oLesser problems contrasted to other existing techniques of its time.

In the United States, the first LASIK surgery was carried out by Dr. Stephen Brint as well as Dr. Stephen Blade in 1991. In Germany the very first LASIK surgery was carried out in 1991 itself by Dr. Tobias Neuhann as well as Dr. Thomas utilizing an automated keratome.

AS a side note, there is likewise the LASIK hair removal treatment. This is a treatment in which added hair in any kind of part of the body can be eliminated by ruining the root of the hair follicle.

The LASIK Procedure

LASIK eye surgery is done in two stages:

oThe pre-operative stage

oThe operation itself

The examination is done making use of a computer-controlled scanner that shots low-power lasers to produce a map of the person's cornea. The cosmetic surgeon prepares the coordinates for the surgery - the quantity of corneal tissue to be removed, the location of the cells, and so on the person is likewise recommended to use a light antibiotic to minimize the chances of the cornea obtaining contaminated post-LASIK surgery.

At the start of the operation the person is administered local anesthesia in the form of an eye drop. The person is normally awake during the treatment; he may however be given a sedative. The preliminary incision is made using a microkeratome or a femtosecond laser as well as a flap of the cornea at the designated place is cut. In doing so, the flap is folded back to reveal the stroma, which is the mid-section of the cornea. Next an excimer laser is used to straighten the stroma.

Throughout the process, the placement of the eye is tracked by a computer, at speeds of 4,000 times per secondly.

LASIK Eye Surgery Complications

While LASIK surgery has its benefits, it has a couple of side effects also. LASIK eye doctors point out that there might be difficulties arising out of LASIK surgery, though these are not as well regularly seen.

After LASIK surgery, a patient may run into any of the following:

oHalo/starbursts near sources of light

oVisual skill fluctuation

oUnder/overcorrection

oDouble vision

oStriae, or wrinkles in the corneal flap

oErosion of the epithelium

oInduced astigmatism

oSensitivity to light

oDecentered ablation

Various LASIK Treatments

The popularity of LASIK as a medical procedure has made certain the mushrooming of LASIK centers all across the United States. Various LASIK eye centers utilize various LASIK procedures.

Traditional LASIK: This is the typical method of doing LASIK, in which the flap of the cornea is cut utilizing a blade, or a microkeratome. While this procedure has its own advantages, bad marks consist of the possibility of flap-related problems, such as a:

oFolded flap

oDisplaced flap

oSlipped flap

oDiffuse lamellar keratitis

oEpithelial ingrowth

Bladeless LASIK: This entails having the incision used another laser, a femtosecond or IntraLase. This reduces the risk of issues that might arise out of a LASIK usng a microkeratome.

LASEK Eye Surgery: Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK) is a variant of the typical LASIK surgery. It is done by a LASIK specialist on a client whose cornea is too slim for LASIK to be executed.

Epi-LASIK: Epithelial Laser In Situ Keratomileusis (Epi-LASIK) is another type of LASIK procedure that attempts to combine the very best of LASIK, PRK and also LASEK. Epi-LASEK remove the difficulties that can arise out of LASIK, and also allows the client a quicker healing time than PRK or LASEK.

WaveFront LASIK or Custom-made Wavefront: Wavefront LASIK or Personalized Wavefront is a LASIK treatment that gives high precision modifications to corneal defects. The level of accuracy is often times sharper than that offered by lenses and even conventional LASIK. Because Wavefront LASIK utilizes three dimensional measurements of the image-processing capacities of the human eye to aid the laser reposition the cornea to get rid of corneal issues, this is possible.

With the arrival of Wavefront LASIK, one can additionally enhance the quality of their vision, in regards to being able to see points far better in different conditions than typically feasible. It enables one to boost the contrast level of sensitivity of the eye. Studies show that the rise in contrast level of sensitivity in virtually two times that of LASIK.

While it is difficult to identify which of these is the best LASIK procedure, the sensible thing to do would be to realize that each procedure has its own benefits and is suited to individual scenarios and also circumstances. With the various LASIK vision facilities providing different type of LASIK treatments, one has the deluxe of making comparisons in between the various choices in regards to usability, cost, and so on and after that picking the treatment that a lot of fits his demands.


LASIK surgery was itself established in 1990 by Dr. Ioannis Pallikaris of Greece as well as Dr. Lucio Buratto of Italy, the idea of LASIK itself was developed in LASIK Dallas 1970. The popularity of LASIK as a surgical procedure has ensured the mushrooming of LASIK centers all throughout the United States. Various LASIK eye facilities utilize different LASIK procedures. It is carried out by a LASIK surgeon on a patient whose cornea is too thin for LASIK to be executed. WaveFront LASIK or Personalized Wavefront: Wavefront LASIK or Personalized Wavefront is a LASIK treatment that supplies high precision adjustments to corneal defects.

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